LSD. (Lysergic acid diethylamide) is a synthetic chemical, made from a substance found in ergot, which is a fungus that infects rye (grain).
This product belongs to a group of drugs known a psychedelics. When small doses are taken, it can produce mild changes in perception, mood and thought. When larger doses are taken, it may produce visual hallucinations and distortions of space and time.
Sometimes, what is sold as LSD can actually be other chemicals such as NBOMe or the 2C family of drugs (part of the new psychoactive substances). These can be quite dangerous, as their quality is inconsistent, plus the potential to take too much of these other substances can be fatal and a number of deaths have been reported due to people taking them.
What it looks like
In its pure state, LSD is a white odourless crystalline substance. However, LSD is so potent that an effective dose of pure drug is so small it is virtually invisible. As a result it is usually diluted with other materials.
The most common form of this drug, is drops of L solution dried onto gelatin sheets, pieces of blotting paper or sugar cubes, which release the drug when they are swallowed. this product is also sometimes sold as a liquid, in a tablet or in capsules.
Effects of LSD
Use of any drug always carries some risk. It’s important to be careful when taking any type of drug.
This product can affect everyone differently, based on:
- size, weight and health
- whether the person is used to taking it
- whether other drugs are taken around the same time
- the amount taken
- the strength of the drug (varies from batch to batch).
The effects of this product usually begin in 30 – 45 minutes and can last for 4 to 12 hours.3 The following may be experienced during this time:
- euphoria and wellbeing
- dilation of pupils
- perceptual changes, such as visual and auditory hallucinations.
- confusion and trouble concentrating
- fast or irregular heart beat
- increased body temperature
- breathing quickly
- facial flushes, sweating and chills.1,2
If you take a large amount, the negative effects of this drug are more likely to happen. Call an ambulance straight away by dialling triple zero (000) if you have any of these symptoms (ambulance officers don’t need to involve the police):
- increased risk taking
Sometimes you can experience a ‘bad trip’ , involving a disturbing hallucination. This can lead to panic and risky behaviour, like running across a road or attempting self-harm.1,2
In the days after using hallucinogens, the following may be experienced:
- body and muscle aches
- feeling depressed.1
Long term effects
Some people who regularly use of this drug may eventually experience flashbacks. A flashback is when a tripping experience reoccurs, they are usually visual distortions that involve perceptual or emotional changes.
Flashbacks can happen weeks, months or even years after the drug was last taken. This can be disturbing, especially if a frightening experience or hallucination is recalled.
Flashbacks can be brought on by using other drugs, stress, tiredness or exercise and usually last for a minute or two.
Using LSD with other drugs
The effects of taking LSD with other drugs − including over-the-counter or prescribed medications − can be unpredictable and dangerous, and could cause:
- LSD + ice, speed or ecstasy: can increase the chances of a bad trip and can also lead to panic
- LSD + alcohol: increased nausea and vomiting.
Tolerance and dependence
Tolerance develops rapidly to the effects of this product. After the third or fourth consecutive days of taking LSD, no amount of the drug can produce the desired effects. However, after a short period of abstinence (about 3-4 days) normal tolerance returns.
There are no known physical withdrawal symptoms of this drug. Taking this drug regularly does not result in physical dependence, and although there have been reports of psychological dependence occurring, the evidence is limited.
What is withdrawal?
Withdrawal is also known as detoxification or detox. It’s when you cut out, or cut back, on using alcohol or other drugs. You may have developed a physical or psychological dependence on a drug, or both. Symptoms experienced during withdrawal can be mild or severe, depending on:
- how long you’ve been using for
- what drug(s)
- physical health
- psychological characteristics
- Method of withdrawal.
This is when you’ve taken a drug for a while and your body has come to rely on it to feel normal. Your body is now used to functioning with the drug in your system, so if the drug isn’t taken withdrawal symptoms will start to appear.